Re-nesting Owlets

Have you ever wondered what happens when our clinic receives a baby owl?

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Baby owls fall from their nests for a variety of reasons, and oftentimes the finder isn’t sure if the baby is injured or orphaned. They bring us the owlet for evaluation, just to be safe. We check for injuries and assess their hydration and overall condition. If the owl needs rehabilitation, we have very specific criteria we follow to ensure the babies do not imprint on humans and can be released back to the wild once they are grown. Fortunately, more often than not the baby is healthy and uninjured, and after a feeding is able to be re-united with its parents. We do this by re-nesting; it is quite an adventure! Here, you can read Mark’s behind-the-scenes info (Mark is one of our main tree climbers).

“Spring is here and the time approaches where we start getting calls about juvenile owls found down on the ground. Whether they’ve fallen from branches, been blown out of their nest, or the nest has fallen apart, we retrieve them and evaluate for good health. We then try to return them either to their nest, or to a nearby spot in a “basket nest.” We have had a number of Barn Owls, which can be re-nested with a ladder because they usually nest inside barns. We may even get a hawk or two. But for the most part, the re-nestings involve Great Horned owlets.

Great Horned Owls (sometimes referred to as GHOW or GHO in the bird world) usually take over existing nests and don’t seem to be too particular about them. I have encountered situations where the old ‘nest’ has nothing left to it but the bottom. Often, I can locate an adult and be sure that I am in the right vicinity, but am unable to locate the actual nest. In those cases, I haul up a basket about 2′ in diameter and I latch it to a secure spot, preferably with a couple of branches supporting it, and about 60′ or so up the tree. I line the basket with leaves, twigs, and moss, and place the juvenile into it. If I haven’t actually seen an adult present during this process, I will ask the person who found the owl to keep an eye on the nest and let us know ASAP whether or not they have spotted an adult taking care of the juvenile. I have personally been surprised by how many landowners actually do keep track of who is nesting up in the trees on their property.

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In our experience, the key to most successful re-nestings is getting the owlet back up the tree as soon as possible. If the baby is gone, the adults will not stick around long, unless there is a sibling in the nest.  We usually do not have that information in advance, so promptness is vital. We endeavor to re-nest within 24 hours of the juvenile being found. This will give the baby its best chance of rejoining its parents and being cared for. That being the case, it is vitally important that if you do encounter a juvenile on the ground, please notify us at Chintimini Wildlife Center right away and we can work together to try to ensure the health and continuation of our wildlife population.”

Mark Meyer, In-house Tree Climber at CWC

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Wildlife Sketches

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With “Art Is Wild” right around the corner, we’ve got all things art on our minds! Art Is Wild is our biggest fundraising event of the year – it’s a magical evening filled with delicious hors d’oeuvres, drinks, beautiful art, auctions, and [most importantly], great people. Perhaps you’ll join us?

When: April 27th from 5:30-8:30pm

Where: Philomath Scout Lodge, 660 Clemens Mill Rd, Philomath, OR 97370

Cost: $40 entry ticket [kids under 16 are free!]

One of our volunteers, Camille Eckel, gathers inspiration for her art from our patients. We are so glad she gave us permission to share her drawings with you. Camille calls them doodles, but we think they’re pretty amazing. Check these out…isn’t she talented?

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“Working with pencil and colored pencil on card stock, I have tried to capture snapshots of the wildlife I have encountered in and around Corvallis. While I have just begun volunteering with Chintimini, the patients there have already left a mark on me. On my first day a wary Barred Owl watched us from above as we tried to capture and weigh it, and curious raccoons looked on as we delivered their breakfast. Chintimini is truly a special place and I am looking forward to spending more time helping (and drawing) these great creatures.”

 

 

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We hope you’ll join us at Art Is Wild 2018! For more information and to purchase tickets, click HERE.

The Barred Owl: The “Clamorous Owl that Nightly Hoots”

Oftentimes owls are seen as elusive, night-hunting birds that we know little about. It’s a special treat to spy one sleeping in a tree or flying in the evening. Wildlife photographers have their secret spots they frequent in the hopes of catching a glimpse of these mysterious birds. Owls are often portrayed as the old and wise bird – a bird whose head can turn an entire 360 degrees, who only call out “hooo hooo,” and who only eat mice at night by using their incredible vision.

How much of this is true? None of it! They really don’t turn their heads 360 degrees contrary to popular belief. Cindy Lefton, one of our clinic volunteers, writes about the (sometimes controversial) Barred Owl:

I encountered my first Barred Owl while volunteering last week at Chintimini Wildlife; and remarkably, I encountered my second Barred Owl that afternoon in my neighbor’s backyard. As I reviewed my volunteer duties for the day, I saw that we had to weigh a Barred Owl. I was not very familiar with this species of owl, other than a few news articles concerning the Northern Spotted Owl. The Barred Owl? Or perhaps, the “Bard owl?” After all, Shakespeare was known for his bird references: “The clamorous owl that nightly hoots.”

 
When I entered the flight cage, I realized that it wasn’t from Shakespeare, but simply its appearance that inspired its name. Most of its body consists of a series of brown and white spotty patterns, while its chest is off-white with thick, vertical brown stripes, or “bars.” What struck me the most were the eyes. Most owls have yellow eyes, but the Barred’s are dark brown, appearing almost solid black. The owl stands about 20-24 inches tall and does not have noticeable ear tufts (like the Great Horned Owl). After weighing the bird, I let it out of its box into the flight cage. It immediately turned towards me with its wings up over its head and glared at me with those large, black eyes. I was impressed.

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As I arrived home from Chintimini, I noticed that I had a text with a photo attachment from a neighbor. Who should be staring at me from the photo? Another Barred Owl! This one was perched only five feet from the back porch; a sleepy-eyed bird who was probably wondering why it was receiving so much quiet attention. I immediately wanted to learn more about this owl.

 
Worldwide, there are approximately 220 species of owls, according to the National Geographic website. The United States only has 19 species, and Oregon is fortunate to have 14 of these.

 
Originally from the East Coast, Barred Owls can now be found all over the United States. The species expanded its range to Oregon in the 1970s. Oregon suits them well, because they prefer to live in wooded areas, and only use open areas to hunt. The Barred Owl gained notoriety in the news due to its competition with the threatened Northwest Spotted Owl. The two species look very similar, except that the Barred Owl has thick stripes on its chest, while the Spotted Owl is well, spotted.

What’s That, You Say?

Besides the notable stripe-pattern, the Barred Owl is known for its unique calls. Like many animals, owls don’t have just one sound or call. They vocalize differently depending on the situation (mating, warnings, etc.). But the most recognized Barred Owl call is the “Who cooks for you?” vocalization. They are considered to be more vocal than other owls, so listen carefully—you are more likely to hear one than see one. The good news is that they are not strictly nocturnal birds (only active at night). They are called “crepuscular,” which means they are mostly active at dawn and dusk. On an overcast day (which is often in Oregon), they can be active in the daytime as well. They begin mating in January/February, so now is the ideal time to hear that male owl calling for a mate!

Click here to hear a Barred Owl call.

 

Don’t Let the Sweet Face Fool You: the Barred is a Serious Predator

The Barred Owl is known to be an efficient predator and is not a picky eater. While it prefers to catch mice and other rodents, they have been seen catching rabbits, foxes, bats, birds, fish, and even the stray house cat. It can be territorial: there have been reports of Barreds swooping down on unsuspecting runners—but this is rare.

This owl is not a migratory bird and if it finds a good place to live—with plenty of food nearby, it might stay in the same location and breed with the same mate year after year. Its only true predator is the Great Horned Owl; and given that it can be found living close to humans, car strikes are a problem. These owls can live to be 24 years old in the wild, which is remarkable.

Yes, the Barred Owl has been controversial in its contributing role to the decline of the Northern Spotted Owl, but I have to admit, the Barred is a beautiful and fascinating bird.

 

 

 

 

Searching For A Bird’s Eye View

The majority of our blogs are written from the perspective of patient caregiver or community educator. We describe patients and their condition, or explain various ways we should (or shouldn’t) interact with wildlife – particularly as it relates to urban settings. Sarah, a Thursday PM volunteer, takes a twist to our standard writings and contemplates her relationship to our wild patients as she writes about it from how she might imagine their point of view.

“The other morning, I woke with a sniffle and a sneeze. At first I blamed it on inhaling too much incense cedar pollen when arranging festive greenery for the holidays. But half a day and tons of sneezes later, I knew I was just sick, suffering from what turned out to be a full-blown sinus infection.

Of course, being sick meant missing my last Chintimini volunteer shift of 2017. As I lay in bed feeling sorry for myself for not getting to clean bird poop off walls or behead dead mice for a raptor’s dinner, I suddenly realized that I could look at being sick as an opportunity to relate to the winged and non-winged convalescents at Chintimini Wildlife Center (CWC) in an entirely a new way. For the record: I do not eat mice and I generally manage to not poop on walls. Those aren’t the areas of relating I’m getting at. Rather, it’s that I could not reliably gauge my caregiver’s intentions toward me as I recovered.

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It’s true my caregiver is a loving, domesticated (at times unscrupulous) beast, and there does exist greater understanding between domesticated animals and humans relative to that between wild animals and humans. Even so, how can I really know whether my cat was sleeping on my feet to keep them cozy OR if it she was merely setting an ‘alarm’ to ensure she wouldn’t miss a potential feeding opportunity if I got up to rewarm my tea? Being on the other side of this inter-species interaction made me wonder: If I can’t discern my beloved cat’s intentions, how can I presume to understand the thoughts of injured wildlife anymore than they can understand mine?

One of CWC’s primary goals is to provide “a place where impacted wildlife can receive quality care while being treated with the respect and admiration that is their due.” BOTH domesticated and wild animals deserve respect; however, the ways in which we express those values look very different in practice.

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You won’t find volunteers with bigger hearts than those of CWC. And it is wonderful to see how rewarding it is for community members who successfully deliver struggling wildlife to safety. Empathy is such a rush!! It just makes you want to help every single patient in every way possible!! This is such a good thing…to a point.

Such states of unbridled empathy also come with the risk of forgetting that our patients are, in fact, wild creatures, not pets or babies to be held and petted and talked to.

Handling wildlife in this manner can potentially cause even the very best of intentions to backfire. But more than simply acknowledging our inability to read animals’ minds, we need also to realize, internally, that empathy is not a license to thrust human conceptions of ‘soothing care’ onto creatures completely unaccustomed to them.

This fundamental respect for wildlife is not limited to volunteers at wildlife care centers, nor is it limited only to encounters with sick, injured, or lost wildlife.

Rather, we all share the responsibility of treating wildlife with the utmost respect and awe. They are not just around to pose with you for selfies! If you find yourself struggling in the quest to tame your empathy, the following ‘approximations’ may be an illuminating place to start:

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Can You Relate?
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To understand why injured, lost, or sick wildlife don’t seem ‘to like’ you:
Imagine waking to a strange environment with no clue as to how you got there. Notice the creatures hovering above you. Didn’t you just see these guys in a re-run of The X-Files? Why are they just staring at you? Oh no, are they poking you?! Personally, if I woke up to find myself kidnapped by aliens in a real-life X-Files scenario I might find it a little disconcerting.

To understand why wildlife patients don’t understand that we’re trying to
help them:
Remember how scary it was to get vaccinations as a child, not understanding that it was actually in your best interest? There’s a reason the nurse had to lure you into the exam room with lollipops.

To understand why maintaining healthy fear of humans is desirable:
Do you remember when you learned not to touch a hot stovetop? Animals released to the wild must continue to avoid humans in the future, possibly saving their or their offsprings’ lives.”

Sarah, Thursday PM Volunteer

Bald Eagle – Patient #18-0035

Every patient who comes through the doors of Chintimini’s clinic is special, no matter what size or species. From the smallest newborn squirrel to a large bobcat; scaled snakes, furry raccoons, and all of our feathered patients – each one is cared for in the hopes of a full recovery.

There’s something to be said, however, about eagles. They’re majestic. They’re symbolic, fierce predators. And each year we take in a few that we are privileged to care for.

Claudia Benfield, one of Chintimini’s guest bloggers and a Friday night shift leader writes about her most recent experience with a Bald Eagle patient:

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“On January 19, I had a very special Friday night shift. When I got to Chintimini, I found out that there was an injured Bald Eagle coming from Brownsville. I immediately started getting ready for his arrival. I started to think about the steps I would need my shift to take to successfully admit him. I thought about which cage in the ICU would be the least stressful for him to be in. I covered the cage doors to create a dark atmosphere and carefully placed all the correct type of bedding inside. Then, we finally got the call that they were on their way with the eagle. I was a little bit nervous as this would be a very special patient and I wanted everything to go smoothly.

When the Bald Eagle arrived, he was in a small cage. It was the only cage they had on hand. The people that had brought him to us wanted their cage back so I began the process of getting him out. I was the only one on my shift who had ever held a Bald Eagle before so it was a big teaching moment for everyone. We started to try to get him out of the small cage into a larger one. While my coworkers held the cage up, I slipped the bottom of the small cage out causing the eagle to slip on out into the bigger cage. When he was out, I managed to wrap the eagle in a towel. I picked the eagle up and took him to our Treatment Room for a quick examination. He was very strong, but we needed to be able to give the Animal Care Directors an idea of what may be wrong with him. After a short examination we figured out that he probably had a broken wing. We put him in his cage and waited for the Animal Care Director to come in.

Once the Animal Care Director was there, I got the eagle out of the cage once more so she could give it treatments, tube feeding and further examinations. She also wrapped up the wing, gave it some medicine and drew some blood to test for lead poisoning. The test for lead poisoning had a negative result. I held the eagle the whole time. He was a very active and strong eagle. While I have held Bald Eagles before this, I had never mustered up the courage to get them from the cage myself. Honestly, I have always been frightened of that step and this time there was not a backup person to hand the eagle to me. It’s times like these where this type of work teaches a person the amount of inner strength one has and builds confidence in oneself. If I am to be honest, I was very excited that we got a Bald Eagle, but at the same time I was so scared and honored to be able to help such a majestic bird. My coworkers helped out the whole time and it was such a good team effort. The whole admission of this eagle took us the entire night. I was so grateful to have great volunteers on our shift that were able to take care of all the other animals while a few of us took care of the eagle. I am hoping that we will be able to rehabilitate the Bald Eagle and eventually release him into the wild again.”

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Over the weekend of January 20th, this Bald Eagle underwent surgery to repair a shattered ulna caused by some type of projectile. It is incredibly unfortunate that he suffered at the hands of someone’s careless act, however he was welcomed to Chintimini Wildlife Center by many kind and caring people. He received surgery by Dr. Claire Peterson (thank you, Claire!) and will have round-the-clock, high quality & compassionate care by our Animal Care Directors and fantastic volunteers. Though he has a long road ahead of him, we are hopeful for a successful recovery.

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Co-existing with Wildlife: How You Can Help Keep The Peace

Whether you live in the suburbs or on ten acres, you have probably encountered wildlife at some point. Perhaps it was a hawk perched on a fence in the distance or a doe and her fawn trotting across the road in front of you. Or maybe you spotted the elusive opossum late one night while taking out the trash. There are a few things you can do to avoid conflict and to keep the peace with our wild neighbors:

Keep Trashcans Tightly Closed

This may seem obvious, but all wildlife looks for shelter, warmth, and food. By unintentionally providing a supply of food you may be inviting wildlife to settle in like an unwanted houseguest. Secure garbage cans and compost bins with fasteners such as bungee cords to keep animals out. You may also want to keep your barbecue clean of food debris and pick up fallen fruit from your trees. Try to keep your home less attractive to wildlife by eliminating warm, dark places and avoid leaving food out overnight.

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Raccoon

Your Pet Matters

An important part of being a pet owner is ensuring their health and safety. Always keep your pet up-to-date on vaccinations, feed them indoors, and use a leash when out for a walk. By being a responsible pet owner you are considering their wellbeing. Equally important, you are decreasing the likelihood of a pet and wildlife conflict.

Educate Yourself

Do you know your local wildlife? Certain animals have developed a bad reputation over the years. It’s time to dispel the myths and get to know the true nature of your neighborhood’s “nuisance” animals. You might be surprised with what you find out! For example, did you know that bats really don’t want to fly into your hair? They are afraid of humans and try to avoid us as much as possible! Bats aren’t pests either – they eat the pests and help to keep insect populations under control. Did you know that opossums are highly resistant to rabies and are also excellent at keeping garden pests at bay? They love to dine on cockroaches, spiders, and slugs. They are usually non-aggressive and keep to themselves unless disturbed. A little research will make you a more informed citizen and local ecosystem protector!

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Hoary Bat

Consider Alternative “Pest” Control

Glue traps are inhumane and do not target only nuisance animals. Birds, bats, snakes, and even small house pets can become trapped in the sticky glue. Some people may also think that live trapping is a good idea, however animals caught in traps will likely suffer from stress, injuries, or even death. Sadly, any wild animal not legally permitted to be relocated is then required to be killed by the trapper. Keep in mind that if your home is attractive to wildlife it is likely there will be another animal waiting to move in as soon as the space is available.

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Western Striped Skunk

So what’s a person to do? Luckily there are alternatives!

Many companies are moving towards a more humane way of dealing with wildlife. When hiring help, always ask questions. What methods do they use? Insist on ethical, humane techniques. Your local wildlife rehabilitation expert may have excellent referrals to pass along. They may also have simple, inexpensive options for deterring wild animals without trapping or killing them.

There are many resources available to help us handle unexpected encounters with wildlife humanely. Peaceful co-existence is something we can all work together to achieve. Our communities can be better places to live if we resolve wildlife conflicts with care and compassion.

Written by: Erika Seirup

The Good, The Bad, But Not Ugly…

Friday night volunteer and Shift Leader, Claudia Benfield, writes about the variety of patients she encounters during one of her shifts:

I started my shift trying to find an injured Great Blue Heron that had been hanging around for a few days in a particular spot in Albany.  The people who saw it said it had a broken wing so he was supposed be easy to catch.  When I got there I found the person who owned that particular land.  She was very nice and walked around the entire field with me for about an hour looking for the heron, but it was nowhere to be found.

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Great Blue Heron, Photo Credit: Audubon

When I got to the clinic, a Wild Turkey was being treated for what looked like some pretty extensive and serious injuries.  I have always thought of them to be a very beautiful bird.  When you get a closer look at them you see all of the different beautiful colors on them.  This turkey had lacerations on his leg and chest area.  One of the chest injuries in particular was very bad and when staff examined the injury, they knew that the best thing for him would be to give him mercy and end his pain.  He was very beautiful and it is always a difficult decision to make.

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Wild Turkey, Photo Credit: Audubon

The final patient of the night is actually another one of my favorite birds. What I didn’t know at the time was that I was in for a surprise…We got what I had thought to be our normal Northern Flicker that had been caught by a cat.  He had a severe injury on his wing.  I cleaned the wound as best I could and wrapped the wing.  I hoped that he could be rehabilitated.  At that moment I was mainly concerned about his injuries and how to make him comfy for a night. What I didn’t know was that I was overlooking the type of Flicker he was.  All I knew at the time was that he was squirming a lot and that it was difficult to wrap his wing!  When a patient comes in we try to quickly assess the injuries and make them comfortable so that the patient can have time to de-stress. The stress of everything going on alone can kill them, so it’s important for us to always keep that in mind. I also know that the Animal Care Directors will follow up with a more thorough exam once the patient has had the time to rest.  My job was to make the Flicker comfortable.

I didn’t think he was such a rare bird for our area!  The next morning I found out that he was a Yellow-shafted Northern Flicker, a rare migrant to the Willamette Valley and that they are usually found on the East Coast and in the forests of Canada and Alaska.  Our area usually has the Red-shafted variety.

So it was another amazing evening indeed!  Maybe it was good that I didn’t find the Great Blue Heron.  And, yes, it was a bad ending for the Turkey.  But there’s no ugly in this story… that Northern Flicker was so beautiful and I can only keep the hope that he can be rehabilitated.